What happens when a foreign body enters the maxillary sinus?

April 25, 2023 6 Min Read

Foreign bodies into the maxillary sinus may cause infectious complications due to the contact of the foreign body with the mucosa of the sinus interior, mainly, acute or chronic sinusitis. Local infection around the area may cause resorption of surrounding bone in the future.

Why is the maxillary sinus important in dentistry?

The maxillary sinus is a fundamental anatomical structure that is often involved in many oral and maxillofacial surgical procedures in the posterior maxilla, and whose integrity is important to preserve.

How is the maxillary sinus drained?

The maxillary sinus drains into the nose through a hole called the Ostia. When the Ostia becomes clogged, sinusitis can occur. The Ostia of the maxillary sinus often clogs because the Ostia is located near the top of the maxillary sinus, thus making proper drainage difficult.

How do I know if my maxillary sinus is perforated?

One way to know is if you close your mouth and try to blow through your mouth, puffing out your cheeks. If you can do that and hold the air in your mouth, there is no perforation. If there’s a perforation, air will bubble up through your nose. It is more likely a sinus infection.

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What are the three complications that may occur due to a foreign object in the child’s nose?

Other complications include nose bleeds, nasal obstruction, and sinusitis. Radiolucent bodies often go undetected for months or years because they are difficult to visualize. Small button batteries have high morbidity as they rapidly induce ulceration and necrosis leading to perforation of the nasal septum.

What is a maxillary sinus infection?

Maxillary Sinusitis is the inflammation of the paranasal sinuses caused by a virus, bacteria, or fungus. The infection can also result after an allergic reaction – when the immune system attacks the healthy body cells. This infection may be associated with both bacterial and fungal infections.

How do they fix maxillary sinuses?

Treatment :

  • Nasal corticosteroids. …
  • Saline nasal irrigation, with nasal sprays or solutions, reduces drainage and rinses away irritants and allergies.
  • Oral or injected corticosteroids. …
  • Allergy medications. …
  • Aspirin desensitization treatment, if you have reactions to aspirin that cause sinusitis and nasal polyps.

Can maxillary sinus be cured?

Their study showed that more patients were cured or improved more quickly with antibiotic therapy compared to placebo, but also that two-thirds of patients receiving a placebo recovered spontaneously. In addition, serious complications of bacterial sinusitis were rare.

Why maxillary sinus is most commonly infected?

Maxillary sinusitis is common due to the close anatomic relation of the frontal sinus, anterior ethmoidal sinus, and maxillary teeth, allowing for the easy spread of infection.

What is the purpose of the maxilla?

Your maxilla is a crucial bone in your skull’s structure and enables many basic functions, such as chewing and smiling. If it’s fractured, it can affect many other important bones around it and keep you from accomplishing even simple daily tasks.

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How do you treat a perforated maxillary sinus?

Closing a Sinus Perforation

  1. Place collagen plugs or another resorbable membrane in the tooth socket.
  2. Gently place the bone graft around the sides.
  3. Secure the bone graft and protect the site with another collagen plug or resorbable membrane.
  4. Stitch the membrane over the graft to keep it in place.

Will a perforated sinus heal itself?

A sinus perforation should heal within two months. When a perforation does not heal, a root tip or bone fragment in your sinus might be delaying the healing process.

Can a sinus perforation heal on its own?

Sinus Precautions:
Your surgeon may have discussed with you that upon extraction of the tooth in the upper jaw, perforation into the sinus cavity occurred due to the relationship between the roots and the sinus floor. This most likely will heal on its own. Sometimes surgical correction is necessary after 3 months.

What happens when a foreign object enters your body?

Pain: Discomfort may range from mild to severe. Nasal drainage: If objects are inserted into the nose, nasal drainage may occur. Choking: If an object is stuck in the airway, it can cause choking and symptoms such as coughing and wheezing. Breathing problems: An object blocking an airway may cause difficulty breathing.

What can be done if a foreign body enters the nose?

Blow out of your nose gently to try to free the object, but don’t blow hard or repeatedly. If only one nostril is affected, close the opposite nostril by applying gentle pressure and then blow out gently through the affected nostril. Gently remove the object if it’s visible and you can easily grasp it with tweezers.

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What happens if a child puts something up their nose?

Usually, the main concern is infection due to blocked nasal fluids. Don’t try and remove the object with cotton buds or cotton balls. These can push the object deeper into the nasal passage, which will only make things worse. Don’t try and remove the object with your fingers.

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